Biography of Manfred Gross
Manfred Gross was born in 1951 in Mainz, Germany.
DOB/POB: 28.02.1951 / Mainz, Germany
Current position (since 1989)
Head of the Department of Audiology and Phoniatrics at the Charité Universitätsmedizin Berlin, Berlin, Germany
Studies in physics and human medicine in Munich and Mainz
Doctoral thesis with the subject “Effektivität der Hörgeräteversorgung bei Kindern” (Effectivity of hearing aid fitting in children)
Staff member at the Department for Communication Disorders of the University Medical Center in Mainz (Head: Prof. Dr. P. Biesalski)
Staff member at the ENT-Department of the University Medical Center in Mainz (Head: Prof. Dr. J. Helms)
Assistant Professor at the Dept. for Communication Disorders of the university medical center in Mainz (Head: Prof. Dr. M. Heinemann)
Postdoctoral thesis: “Endoskopische Larynx-Fotokymografie” (Endoscopic larynx photokymography)
Master of Business Administration (Health Care Management)
Boards, Exams, Academic milestones
Board member of the German Society for Phoniatrics and Pedaudiology
Head and chairman of the department of Audiology and Phoniatrics at the University Hospital Steglitz and at the Benjamin Franklin University Hospital at the medical faculty of the Free University Berlin
President of the German Committee of the Bureau International d’Audiophonologie
President of the German Society for Phoniatrics and Audiology in Children
Dean of student affairs at the Benjamin Franklin Medical School, Free University of Berlin
Dean of student affairs at the Charité at the merged medical faculties of the Free University and the Humboldt University in Berlin
Head and chairman of the departments of Audiology and Phoniatrics at different Campi of the Charité at the merged medical faculties of the Free University and the Humboldt University in Berlin.
2005 – 2011
Dean of student affairs at the Charité
Honorary membership of the German Society of Phoniatrics and Pedaudiology
Publications and oral presentations
- 12 books and monographs
- More than 200 publications and oral presentations on subjects related to voice, language, speech and hearing disorders as well as musicians’ medicine
Awards and prizes
- 2004 Karl Storz-Prize granted by the German Society of Phoniatrics and Pedaudiology to appreciate a differentiated collection of materials about options and chances how to place Phoniatrics and Pedaudiology in the medical education after coming into effect of the new law for medical licensure
- 2005 Helix-Prize granted by the German union of hearing aid acousticians for the etiological diagnosis in permanently hearing impaired children
- 2006 Annelie Frohn-Prize granted by the German Society of Phoniatrics and Pedaudiology to appreciate a new concept for early rehabilitation of hearing impaired babies
- 2007 Karl Storz-Prize granted by the German Society of Phoniatrics and Pedaudiology to appreciate the introduction of an eLearning system in Phoniatrics and Pedaudiology in medical education
- 2011 Comenius-Bildungsmedienpreis (Comenius education and media Prize) granted by the Society of Pedagogy and Information for the generation of bridging courses for medical students
- 2012 awarded by the German Strategy Circle of Health Care as influencer of the year
- 2012 nominated for the ars legend prize by German Medical Faculty Association granting excellent medical education
- 2012 together with Saskia Rohrbach Karl Storz-Prize granted by the German Society of Phoniatrics and Pedaudiology to appreciate the introduction of a collection of materials for undergraduate model programs in medical education focused on Phoniatrics and Pedaudiology
- 2013 together with Philipp Caffier Karl Storz-Prize granted by the German Society of Phoniatrics and Pedaudiology to appreciate the introduction of interprofessional medical education in Phoniatrics and Pedaudiology
Main research fields
- Early diagnosis and therapy of hearing disorders in children
- Etiology of hearing loss in children
- Functional voice diagnostics
Membership in scientific organizations
Member of more than 20 international and national scientific organizations
Biography of Agnete Parving
Agnete Parving was born in 1943 and graduated in medicine from the University of Copenhagen in 1969. In 1981 she became an ENT specialist, and in 1985 she obtained her Doctorate. Agnete started her research career and had most of her clinical training in audiological medicine at the audiological department at Copenhagen University Hospitals.
In 1983 Agnete became head of Department of audiology at Copenhagen University Hospital Bispebjerg, and she was in 1994 appointed professor in clinical audiology. In 2003 Agnete chose to leave the clinical work to hold a position as senior research associate.
Agnete has held honorary positions in national and international audiological associations. Besides being honorary member of IAPA, Agnete is honorary member of la Società Italiana di Audiologia e Foniatria and the Polish Audiological and Phoniatric society.
From 2002-2005 Agnete was vice-President in IAPA, but during a meeting in Lyon 2005 Agnete declared her wish to step down as IAPA vice-president. Agnete had retired from her position as the director of the Department of Audiological Medicine, Bispebjerg Hospital in Copenhagen two years earlier and although she was very much active as a senior researcher and as a professor of clinical audiology she argued that the leadership of the IAPA should be reserved for those active in the clinical field.
The General Assembly unanimously accepted the proposition of the IAPA president, Jose Barajas, to elect Agnete Parving as an Honorary Life Member of IAPA.
Agnete is well known to us all and she is undeniably the Grand Lady of Scandinavian audiology. She has been an active IAPA member almost since the beginning and an EC member for many years. We, the members of IAPA, all thank Agnete for her efforts in promoting Audiologcial Medicine all over the world and we welcome her continuing efforts as an active IAPA Honorary Member and the ambassador of our speciality for life.
Agnete’s main areas of research are: genetic causes of hearing loss and hearing and loss of hearing in children.
Biography of Dafydd Stephens
2 July 1942 – 2 July 2012
Dafydd Stephens was an audiological physician, holding the post of Honorary Professor of Audiological Medicine at the Cardiff University School of Medicine at Cardiff University. He was also a visiting professor at Swansea University and the University of Bristol. He previously worked as a consultant audiological physician at the Welsh Hearing Institute, University Hospital of Wales.
Life: The only son of teachers, he lived his early life in Purley, south of London, and took his medical training at Charing Cross Hospital, where he was an active cross country athlete; in 1965 he took part in the Ben Nevis Race. He was also a keen birdwatcher in his younger days, and retained an interest in the natural world throughout his life. He started his career in audiology as a research fellow at the University of Iowa in 1962, where he first met Ronald Hinchcliffe, who remained a friend throughout his life. His work took him to London, Cambridge, Southampton and Denmark before he took up a post as consultant in audiological medicine at the Royal National Throat Nose and Ear Hospital in 1976. In 1986 he moved back to his native Wales, becoming the director of the Welsh Hearing Institute as well as consulting his work as an audiological physician and lecturer.
Work: Dr. Stephens wrote and edited several books and had scholarly articles published in more than 400 publications in peer reviewed scientific journals and books. Over the years he served numerous professional bodies, committees and societies and he was one of the key people in establishing audiological medicine in the UK, having been appointed to the first post advertised in the specialty.
Though Stephens published his research in almost all the areas related to ear and hearing healthcare, he took special interest in genetic hearing impairments, the epidemiology of hearing loss, audiological enablement/rehabilitation, tinnitus and the History of Audiology. In audiological medicine, Professor Stephens was considered an authority in the field of genetic hearing impairment. In general, his work was mainly towards establishing more patient-centered and holistic approach to clinical practice.
Although he retired from clinical work in September 2005, he remained active in audiology, mainly in teaching and research and was involved in many multi-centre national and international studies. He was also actively involved in contributing to various international conferences around the World as an invited guest speaker. In addition, he was an editorial board member for various scientific journals including International Journal of Audiology (IJA), Audiological Medicine, Australian and New Zealand Journal of Audiology (ANZJA), International Journal of Qualitative Studies on Health and Well-Being . He also shared in founding the international Association of Pysician in Audiology and was its first Honorary Secretary.
Community work: Dafydd Stephens and his family settled in Llanmaes and after that he served for 25 years on the community council, and was chairman for four periods in that time.
During the IAPA meeting in Ferrara 2008 the IAPA Executive Committee unanimously agreed to appoint one of IAPA’s founding fathers, Dafydd Stephens, as an Honorary member of IAPA for life.
On behalf of all EC officers I express my sincere gratitude to Dai Stephens for his devotion to Audiological Medicine though the years, for his pioneering work when founding the IAPA almost 30 years back as the first Honorary Secretary and for his relentless commitment to the association. Professor Stephens has always been an active member of IAPA including his 5 years as President of IAPA.
We, the members of IAPA, all thank Dai Stephens for his efforts in promoting Audiologcial Medicine all over the world and we welcome his continuing efforts as an active IAPA Honorary Member and the ambassador of our speciality for life.
Konrad S. Konradsson, IAPA Honorary Secretary
Professor Dafydd (S.D.G.) Stephens sadly passed away on the 2nd July 2012.
He was an icon of Audiological Medicine and one of its founders in the UK. His many achievements and contributions included being the first honorary secretary of IAPA, serving on numerous committees and actively participating in several societies. He has received a multitude of prizes and awards, edited several books and published international scientific papers.
His primary research interests included hearing healthcare, genetic hearing impairment, the epidemiology of hearing and adult auditory rehabilitation as well as tinnitus and the history of audiological medicine.
A highly respected colleague, his specialist knowledge of audiology, his wisdom, mentorship and sense of humour will be greatly missed.
Biography of Ronald Hinchcliffe
Ronald Hinchcliffe was born in Bolton, England in 1926 and trained in Medicine in the University of Manchester. His research began when working in the Royal Air Force and his first major study, on leaving the RAF and working for the Medical Research Council was on the effects of age in hearing in Wales and Scotland. He subsequently worked in Iowa City where he began his work of Menière’s Disorder and its classification. On his return to London, in 1963, he developed the Neurootology unit of the Institute of Laryngology and Otology. In 1975, together with Ian Taylor of Manchester, he was responsible for the establishment of the Speciality of Audiological Medicine and was subsequently appointed Professor of Audiological Medicine.
He was a founder of the British Association of Audiological Physicians in 1977 and of IAPA in 1980, going on the be Chairman of the former and President of the latter. He was also long term Secretary General of the International Society of Audiolgoy.
Since his retirement he has continued to contribute particularly in the field of Medico legal Audiology and ethical matters and contributed important chapters to the recent Textbook of Audiological Medicine.
Obituari from daily telegraph:
(Prof. S Dafydd G Stephens)
who has died aged 84, was a founding father of the speciality of audiological (now audiovestibular) medicine, the systematic scientific study of disorders of hearing and balance.
A physician of outstanding ability and encyclopedic knowledge, Hinchcliffe improved the care of patients with these often hidden handicaps, and his contributions to defining and developing this new sphere of medicine were recognised in his appointment to the first chair in Audiological Medicine in Britain.
Ronald Hinchcliffe was born in Bolton on February 20 1926 and educated at Bolton School. He turned down a place to read Medicine at Cambridge in order to enter the medical school of Manchester University, graduating in 1950.
After house jobs in Manchester, he indulged his twin passions of research and travel by joining the RAF, and ran its acoustics laboratory, attaining the rank of squadron leader and working on hearing protectors.
In 1955 he left the RAF and went to work for the Medical Research Council’s Wernher research unit at King’s College Hospital, London, incorporating a year at the psychoacoustics laboratory at Harvard.
Hinchcliffe then carried out epidemiological studies on adults with normal hearing, which provided the basis for assessments of the effects of noise on hearing. This is a field to which he returned frequently: he was involved in many of the earliest medico-legal cases for noise-induced hearing loss and, to hone his skills in this respect, obtained appropriate legal qualifications, achieving high standing as an expert witness in court.
His scientific evidence was critical to Mr Justice Mustill’s 1984 ruling that, as from 1963, employers would be required to demonstrate that they had protected their workers’ hearing. Hinchcliffe’s research data were also used in the formulation of the 1990 Noise at Work legislation, and he continued to write on this topic long after his retirement.
In 1960 he was invited to the University of Iowa, a principal centre of American audiology, to establish a balance research laboratory in conjunction with the existing audiology laboratory run by Scott Reger. Much of his work there was concerned with helping to establish the important psychological factors underlying Ménière’s disorder, an inner-ear condition whose symptoms include vertigo and tinnitus.
Hinchcliffe returned to London in 1963 as consultant at the Royal National Throat, Nose and Ear Hospital, establishing a vestibular research laboratory. He was one of the founders of the British Society of Audiology in 1967 and 10 years later was awarded a personal chair in Audiological Medicine, which later became an established chair.
But Hinchcliffe’s influence was not confined to Britain. He travelled widely throughout his career, conducting studies in West Africa, where he identified chronic cyanide poisoning from cassava as a cause of hearing impairment; Jamaica, where he identified the accumulated effect of a variety of surdogens (agents that damage hearing) giving rise to hearing loss in old age; and Thailand, where he studied the epidemiology of hearing impairment.
He was an authoritative figure worldwide, lecturing regularly in China, Egypt, the Philippines, Japan, Australia, India and throughout Europe. He was secretary-general of the International Society of Audiology from 1972 to 1990 and later its president.
In 1977 Hinchcliffe was one of the founders of the British Association of Audiological Physicians and in 1980 of the International Association of Physicians in Audiology. He went on to be chairman or president of both organisations.
A modest, approachable man with a critical and active mind, infectious enthusiasm and a dry sense of humour, Hinchcliffe provided inspiration for many scientists and clinicians from across the world in an area of medicine which had previously received little interest or dedicated research.
Ronald Hinchcliffe, who died on January 5, married, in 1953, Doreen Lord. The marriage was dissolved in 1980.
Biography of Wolf Dieter Keidel
Wolf-Dieter Keidel was a German MD and Physiologist.
Wolf-Dieter Keidel (born December 14, 1917 in Gaimersheim; † January 17, 2011 in Bayreuth), was a German physician and physiologist sense.
Life and Work: Keidel studied medicine at the Universities of Würzburg, Vienna and Munich. 1945-47 he was an assistant at the Physical-Medical Laboratory of the University of Erlangen. He then went to the local Physiological Institute. In 1949 he was habilitated and in 1956 appointed as Professor. In 1961 he was appointed Chair of Physiology and director of the Physiological Institute newly renamed as Friedrich-Alexander-University Erlangen-Nuremberg. 1965 Keidel became director of the Institute of Physiology and Biocybernetics of the University, a position he held until his retirement in 1986.
In 1963 Keidel was the founding president of the German Society for Cybernetics.
Sonography: After the ultrasound was introduced in the late 1940s at the same time in several medical specialties, in 1950 Keidel was first to used echocardiografy, a cornerstone of today’s cardiac diagnostics.
Hearing: Keidels main work builds on the results of Georg von Békésy on hearing. In 1961 he showed how the objective audiometry is correlated with the auditory evoked potentials from the EEG resulting from presented sound pressure. Using the method, it is possible also in neonates and infants to detect a hearing impairment. This method was further developed into Brainstem Evoked Response Audiometry (BERA).
Textbook: Keidel was editor and co-author of the concise textbook of physiology, published in six editions 1967-1985 and translated into several languages. It was the last major German-speaking physiology textbook for medical students, that is modeled on the physico-chemical principles of physiology. Diagrams from then current technical publications were integrated into the work and so shortened the transition from learning to a research student.
- Wolf-Dieter Keidel (eds.): Concise textbook of physiology. 6 edition. Georg Thieme Verlag, Stuttgart 1985, ISBN 3-13-358606-8, S. 720th
- Wolf-Dieter Keidel (ed.): Physiology of hearing. Acoustic information processing. Georg Thieme Verlag, Stuttgart 1975, ISBN 3-13-513201-3, S. 410th
- And his final summary work: Wolf-Dieter Keidel: Biocybernetics of the people. University Press, Darmstadt, 1989, ISBN 3534093763, p 333rd
- Fellow of the Acoustic Society of America
- Fellow of the MIT
- Member of the Academia Leopoldina
- Federal Cross of Merit 1st Class
Biography of Gunnar Liden
Professor Lidén was born in 1918. His medical studies took place in Stockholm during the 1940s. From 1945-1950 he worked at the Karolinska hospital in the department of Otorhinolaryngology. After the Second World War, during the 1950s, audiology was established as a speciality. Professor Lidén realised very early the need for audiological rehabilitation and undertook special training in audiology, being awarded a PhD in 1954 with a thesis on implementing Swedish speech audiometry.
In 1954 he moved to the Sahlgrenska hospital, Gothenburg were he started the Department of audiology. Gunnar Lidén was employed as Head of the department until his retirement in 1983. He became Professor of audiology in 1977.
Gunnar Lidén was one of the most important researchers in Swedish audiology. He had a major impact on the development of audiological rehabilitation, not only in Gothenburg but throughout Sweden. His thesis on speech audiometry was particularly important, and 50 years later remains a very important tool in audiological diagnostics. His researches also covered impedance audiometry.
During his professional career, in addition to his research, Gunnar Lidén also performed extensive middle ear surgery. In 1979 he started a two-year academic education for audiologists which today is a three-year bachelor programme.
Over his professional career Gunnar Lidén wrote several books on audiology as well as numerous scientific reports. His enormous working capacity and positivism resulted in a large and multidisciplinary department of audiology at Sahlgrenska University hospital.
We, present and former co-workers at the Department of audiology Sahlgrenska University hospital, express our gratitude to Gunnar for all his achievements in audiology.
(Prof. Claes Möller & Prof. Ulf Rosenhall)
Biography of Wolfhart Niemeyer
Wolf Niemeyer, a founder and first President of Association of Physicians in Audiology (IAPA) died in October 2010 at the age of 87 years.
Wolfhart Niemeyer was born in Lüneburg, Germany in 1923. Soon after he had graduated from high school, he became a soldier in the Medical Corps, where he remained from 1940 to 1945, and was wounded three times while saving injured comrades.
Already during his medical studies in Mainz, which he financed by working as a portrait painter, coalman, and as an assistant to dog racers, he had become interested in audiology. He graduated with a thesis entitled ‘Perception of high-frequency supersonic sounds’.
At the University hospital in Marburg, he trained as a surgical ENT specialist, while conducting scientific studies in audiology. These studies were concerned with the diagnosis and pathology of auditory sentence discrimination and resulted in his dissertation. The Marburger Satztest became a key test in hearing aid fitting.
In 1970 he was nominated ‘Extraordinarius’ and became the independent head of the Audiology Department. This created a sensation in Germany, because audiology was always a subordinate section, an appendix, of the general ENT department.
Wolf Niemeyer, as he was called by his friends, became the most world-renowned German audiologist. This was not only because of his scientific research that had resulted in many publications, books and monographs, but also because of his countless lectures in Europe, USA, Mexico and Japan.
He was an active member of, and frequently chairman of, many ENT and audiological committees and wrote thousands of medico-legal reports. He received many awards, including the Bundesverdienstkreuz and the Aram Glorig reward.
To the end of his life, despite a long and severe illness, he was engaged in professional politics.
Throughout his life, Wolf Niemeyer had a major aim, that the head of an audiological department should be a medical doctor, preferably with an ENT training. His efforts have not been realized to date, and he has even been regarded as persona non grata in Germany. Because of this, Wolf Niemeyer contacted like-minded medical colleagues in other countries, and, together with Ole Bentzen, Ronald Hinchcliffe and Dai Stephens founded IAPA in 1980. He organized the first meeting of IAPA in Wiesbaden in November 1980 and was elected as the first President of the Association (1980–1985). He later became an Honorary Life Member.
Many members of the IAPA and his friends, including myself, will miss Wolf as a loving friend, and will remember his sense of humour and the social gatherings held with him. He was a highly intelligent colleague with great knowledge but also great warmth. Our thoughts and condolences go to his wife, who cared for him unselfishly in his final years.